The pattern of changes in the activity of various forms of invertase (acid soluble, alkaline, and acid insoluble) and the content of sugars (glucose, fructose, and sucrose) in the course of plant adaptation to prolonged (6 days) hypothermia (5°C) was investigated in the leaves of potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L., cv. Desiree) produced in vitro. We used the wild-type plants as a control and transformed plants with carbohydrate metabolism modified by inserting the yeast gene for invertase (apoplastic enzyme). In the course of adaptation to hypothermia, the activity of acid invertase was shown to rise and the content of sucrose and glucose to increase in the leaves of both genotypes. The greatest activity of acid invertases by the third day of cold acclimation corresponded to the peak level of sugars; in transformed plants, these characteristics exceeded those in the control plants. The transformed plants were more cold resistant than the control plants as suggested by the lack of disturbance of ion permeability of their membranes. It was concluded that owing to accumulation of low-molecular carbohydrates in the course of cold acclimation caused by activation of acid invertase cold resistant plants better adapt to temperature drop.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 12, 2008
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