Previous studies have shown that BIV may encode two types of Tat proteins of 103 and 108 amino acids, respectively. Here, we report the characterization of a new BIV Tat protein (Tat236) derived from a tat/rev cDNA. The tat/rev cDNA was obtained by reverse transcription-PCR from RNA extracted from cells infected with BIV. BIV was rescued by cell co-cultivation from the spleen of rabbits exposed for 3 years to the R29 isolate of BIV. Sequence analysis indicated that BIV Tat236 contains the first 98 amino acids of Tat103 and the 3′ end 138 amino acids of Rev. Reporter gene assays indicated that transactivation of BIV long terminal repeat (LTR) by Tat236 is higher than by the original BIV Tat proteins in several cell types. By using overlapping deletion mutants, evidence was given that the predicted basic domain of Rev within Tat236 plays a major role in the observed enhanced transactivation activity of the protein. However, the intact functional domain of the original BIV Tat is required for efficient transactivation. This is the first report of a hybrid Tat protein from BIV or any lentiviruses that shows higher transactivation than the original transactivator Tat proteins.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 1, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera