The Biogenesis of the Photosynthetic Apparatus and the Activity of Chlorophyll Biosynthesis in a Plastome Mutant of Sunflower

The Biogenesis of the Photosynthetic Apparatus and the Activity of Chlorophyll Biosynthesis in a... It was demonstrated that, in the phenotypically colorless leaves of a sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) plastome mutant with a heavily reduced level of chlorophyll, all pigment–protein complexes of the photosynthetic apparatus typical for the wild type were present. However, the ratio between them was changed. During aging of the mutant leaves, pigment–protein complexes of photosystem I were destroyed first followed by those of photosystem II. Chlorophyll a/b-containing light-harvesting complex II turned out to be the most stable. This conforms to an increased content of lutein and violaxanthin in mutant leaves. A synchrony of the decreases in the chlorophyll and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) contents throughout all ontogenetic stages of the colorless mutant leaves made it possible to suggest that a decrease in the synthesis and resynthesis of chlorophyll during the formation and development of such leaves is caused by the inhibition of an initial stage of this process, namely, the biosynthesis of ALA molecules. The activity of the enzymes converting ALA into protochlorophyllide did not limit chlorophyll biosynthesis. Possible mechanisms controlling the synthesis of ALA destined for chlorophyll formation are discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The Biogenesis of the Photosynthetic Apparatus and the Activity of Chlorophyll Biosynthesis in a Plastome Mutant of Sunflower

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Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2001 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1009083513313
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

It was demonstrated that, in the phenotypically colorless leaves of a sunflower (Helianthus annuusL.) plastome mutant with a heavily reduced level of chlorophyll, all pigment–protein complexes of the photosynthetic apparatus typical for the wild type were present. However, the ratio between them was changed. During aging of the mutant leaves, pigment–protein complexes of photosystem I were destroyed first followed by those of photosystem II. Chlorophyll a/b-containing light-harvesting complex II turned out to be the most stable. This conforms to an increased content of lutein and violaxanthin in mutant leaves. A synchrony of the decreases in the chlorophyll and 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) contents throughout all ontogenetic stages of the colorless mutant leaves made it possible to suggest that a decrease in the synthesis and resynthesis of chlorophyll during the formation and development of such leaves is caused by the inhibition of an initial stage of this process, namely, the biosynthesis of ALA molecules. The activity of the enzymes converting ALA into protochlorophyllide did not limit chlorophyll biosynthesis. Possible mechanisms controlling the synthesis of ALA destined for chlorophyll formation are discussed.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 10, 2004

References

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