A graded nano-glass/zirconia (G/Z) system has been developed via the infiltration of nano-glass into a nano-zirconia surface, which is advantageous for robust core-veneer bonds. The aging issue is a key for yttrium-stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals (Y-TZPs), and therefore, it is necessary to evaluate the influence of aging degradation on the biocompatibility of G/Z systems before their possible clinical application. Herein, such biocompatibility testing was performed with human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) seeded onto unaged/aged G/Z and Y-TZP for 2–72 h. Assessments included an oral mucous membrane irritation test in conjunction with analyses of cell viability, cell adhesion, and oxidative stress responses. Significant metabolic decreases in aged G/Z- and Y-TZP-treated cells were observed at 72 h. G/Z did not elicit any significant differences in cell viability compared with Y-TZP over 72 h both before and after aging. The oxidative stress data for the aged G/Z- and Y-TZP-treated cells showed a significant increase at 72 h. The G/Z specimens did not elicit any significant differences in ROS production compared with Y-TZP over 72 h both before and after aging. The cell adhesion rates of both G/Z and Y-TZP increased significantly after aging. The cell adhesion rates of G/Z and Y-TZP were not
Nanoscale Research Letters – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 23, 2018
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