In tissues of the walleye pollock Theragra chalcogramma the dry matter content averages 18.5%. The lipid content of the raw material is 0.7%, the protein content is 15.3%, carbohydrates are 0.6%, and ash is 1.3%. The average calorie density is 940 cal/g wet weight and 5080 cal/g dry weight. The dry matter content of gonads varies within 14.9–28.0% in females and 14.5–17.0% in males. The lipid content of the raw material is 0.9–3.0% in females and 1.3–1.8% in males; the protein content is 10.2–21.5% and 10.7–13.4%, respectively. The calorie density of female gonads is 702–1537 cal/g wet weight and 4426–5482 cal/g dry weight; for the male gonads it is 760–960 cal/g wet weight and 4952–5641 cal/g dry weight. The dry matter content of the liver varies within 42.2–62.2% for females and 34.4–62.4 for males. The lipid content of the raw material is 25.6–44.5% for females and 16.6–41.3% for males; the protein content is 6.3–9.8% and 8.1–12.3%, respectively. The calorie density of the liver in females varies within 2918–4601 cal/g wet weight and 6370–7395 cal/g dry weight; in males it is 2291–4357 cal/g wet weight and 6392–7492 cal/g dry weight. The minimum calorie density of the liver is observed in juvenile pollock: 963 cal/g wet weight and 2045 cal/g dry weight. The dry-matter content of feces in different size groups varies within 15.0–18.4%. Values of the average lipid content of raw material range from 1.1 to 1.6%; the protein content is from 1.8 to 3.8% and carbohydrates are from 0.9 to 1.4%. The calorie density of feces from variously-sized walleye pollock varies within a narrow range, from 308 to 362 cal/g wet weight. The energy equivalent ranges, depending on body size, from 259 to 2377 cal. The share of energy concentrated in the somatic (muscle) tissue of variously-sized walleye pollock during ontogenesis constitutes 56.5–93.9%; in female gonads it is 0.9–26.6%; in male gonads it is 0.4–7.3%, in the female liver it is 7.9–27.2%, and in the male liver it is 5.7–26.9%. The amount of energy (cal), concentrated in the female liver and gonads is on average 1.5 and 3 times as high as that in the male liver and gonads, respectively. The maximum total energy loss (15–30%) in mature walleye pollock of various-sizes occurs in the spawning period, during the transition from the maturity stage 5 to stage 6. The total amount of energy accumulated during the lifecycle from small juveniles (<17 cm) to very large individuals (>60 cm) averages 1964 kcal for females and 1465 kcal for males. The difference in the amount of energy is explained by the fact that oogenesis requires more energy than spermatogenesis.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 8, 2017
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