The present experiments were designed to examine the function of Na/K pumps from Dahl salt-sensitive (S) and salt-resistant (R) rats. Previous reports have suggested that there is a difference in primary sequence in the α1 subunit, the major Na/K pump isoform in the kidney. This sequence difference might contribute to differences in NaCl excretion in these two strains which in turn could influence the systemic blood pressure. Using ``back-door'' phosphorylation of pumps isolated from basolateral membranes of kidney cortex, we found no differences between S and R strains. We also examined the Na/K pumps from cultured inner medullary collecting duct (IMCD) cells. This approach takes advantage of the fact that monolayers cultured from S rats transport about twice as much Na+ as monolayers cultured from R rats. In cells whose apical membrane was made permeable with amphotericin B, comparison of the affinities for ouabain, Na+, and K+, respectively, showed only small or no differences between S and R monolayers. Ouabain binding showed no difference in the number of Na/K pumps on the basolateral membrane of cultured cells, despite a 2-fold difference in Na+ transport rates. The analysis of the steady-state Na+ transport indicates that Na/K pumps in IMCD monolayers from S rats operate at a higher fraction of their maximum capacity than do pumps in monolayers from R rats. The results, taken together, suggest that the major reason for the higher rate of Na+ transport in S monolayers is because of a primary increase in the conductive permeability of the apical membrane to Na+. They suggest that the epithelial Na+ channel is intrinsically different or differently regulated in S and R rats.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 1997
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