The barriers to bluetongue virus infection, dissemination and transmission in the vector, Culicoides variipennis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)

The barriers to bluetongue virus infection, dissemination and transmission in the vector,... Transmission of bluetongue virus (BTV) by a vector species of Culicoides was studied using immunohistochemistry, virus titration and in vitro transmission tests. Adult female C. variipennis were used from two colonies that are either “transmission competent” or “transmission refractory” after oral infection with BTV. Intrathoracic (IT) injection of BTV into the haemocoel always resulted in a fully disseminated infection and transmission of virus in saliva. However, after ingestion of an infectious blood meal, only 30% (approximately) of midges from either colony became persistently infected. Although none of the orally infected insects from the “refractory” colony were able to transmit virus, 12% of those from the “competent” colony (containing ≥ 10 3.0 TCID 50 of virus/midge) did transmit BTV in their saliva. The most important barriers to BTV transmission in Culicoides vector species appeared to be a mesenteron infection barrier (MIB), which controls initial establishment of persistent infection, a mesenteron escape barrier (MEB) which can restrict virus to gut cells and a dissemination barrier (DB) which can prevent virus which enters the haemocoel from infecting secondary target organs. Culicoides variipennis do not appear to present either a salivary gland infection barrier (SGIB), or a salivary gland escape barrier (SGEB) to BTV. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The barriers to bluetongue virus infection, dissemination and transmission in the vector, Culicoides variipennis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae)

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Wien by 1999 Springer-Verlag/
Subject
Legacy
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s007050050540
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

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