An experimental investigation of the three-dimensional boundary layer induced by a Rankine-like vortex with its axis normal to a stationary disk is described. The velocity field through the boundary layer was measured for Reynolds number Re (based on the tangential velocity and radius at the disk edge) ranging from 10 000 to 25 000 at various radial distances by means of a 4-beam, 2-component Laser Doppler Anemometer. Our results show that the nature of the boundary layer is affected by two factors: an inflexional instability caused by the crossflow velocity profile and a stability factor caused by the favorable pressure gradient. At lower Reynolds number, the radial pressure gradient has a very strong stabilizing effect on the boundary layer and acts to revert it to its laminar state upstream of the effusing core. At higher Re the inflexional instability caused by the crossflow velocity dominates while the stabilizing influence of the favorable pressure gradient recedes. As such, laminar reversion likely occurs closer to the effusion core. Thus, the point of laminar reversion moves closer to the effusion core as the Reynolds number is increased.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 14, 1997
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