Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a well-recognized complication in pediatric oncology patients. Studies in adult oncology patients have suggested a potential negative association between VTE and survival, but this association has not been examined in pediatric patients yet. The aim of this study was to assess the association of VTE with survival in pediatric oncology patients. Data from all pediatric oncology patients treated at the two tertiary care centers in Atlantic Canada were pooled to create a population-based cohort. The association between VTE and survival was analyzed using a Cox proportional hazards model stratified by diagnosis group (leukemia, lymphoma, and other; sarcoma) and adjusted for age at diagnosis and sex. Out of 939 patients included in this study, 73 had a VTE (8%) and 131 (14%) patients died during the study period. Children in the leukemia/lymphoma/other group with a VTE had significantly poorer survival relative to children in the same group who did not have a VTE. Although children with sarcoma and VTE had poorer survival compared to children with sarcoma with no VTE, this association was not statistically significant. In this population-based study, we found a negative association between VTE and survival in pediatric oncology patients. If future studies confirm this association, this finding may have prognostic implications and potentially offer new avenues for the management of pediatric patients with cancer.
Annals of Hematology – Springer Journals
Published: May 30, 2018
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