The seroprevalence to Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV-8) was surveyed in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) carriers with or without skin diseases, and also in HIV-1 negative individuals in Thailand. Using an immunofluorescence assay, the seropositive rates to lytic antigens of HHV-8 in HIV-1 carriers with or without skin diseases were 25% and 7.4%, respectively, but none of HIV-1 negative individuals had antibody. The seroprevalence to HHV-8 antigens was high in HIV positive individuals with low CD4/CD8 ratio, suggesting that HHV-8 is reactivated during the immunosuppressive state. Several polypeptides with apparent molecular weights of 34–38,000 and 40,000, which were specific to HHV-8, were identified by the immunoprecipitation test using the seropositive sera. Our results suggested that HHV-8 co-existed with HIV in HIV-1 carriers and the existence of HHV-8 may be associated with clinical features in the skin.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 1, 1998
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