Purpose of review The prevalence of allergic rhinitis as well as other allergic diseases has been increasing for at least five decades. A possible cause of this increase could be the exposure of genetically predisposed individuals to a constantly changing indoor and outdoor environment. Two of the changes strongly implicated in the sensitization process and in the triggering of symptoms of allergic diseases are air pollution and global warming induced by climate change, factors which are closely related to each other. Recent findings Environmental pollutants may act on a developing immune and respiratory system, which increases the possibility of a negative impact on the structural and functional maturation of the respiratory system, and on the immune response in children. The increase in allergic respiratory diseases appears to be related with an increase in the atmospheric concentration of gases and respirable particulate matter. Summary This article summarizes the main consequences of the complex relationship that exists between allergic rhinitis, environmental pollution, and climate change and presents some potential measures aiming at modifying some aspects of this intriguing relationship to achieve a clinical benefit in patients suffering from allergic diseases, especially allergic rhinitis. 222 Allergic Rhinitis (J Maspero, Section Editor) Introduction
Current Treatment Options in Allergy – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 27, 2018
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