The development of artificial incubation techniques in astacid crayfish has attracted attention from scientists in many countries ever since the nineteenth century. It is only in the last few years that these techniques, along with studies on egg storage and transport, have provided reliable options for improving the reproductive phase in farming. The juveniles produced need to be reared until they reach a sufficient size both for restocking and for growing purposes. In view of the current level of knowledge of rearing juvenile astacids, two 80-day experiments were carried out under controlled conditions to compare the survival and growth of Stage 2 juvenile signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) from two origins: maternal or artificial incubation. In the first experiment, three treatments were tested: juveniles from artificially incubated eggs with formaldehyde treatments, juveniles from maternal incubation and a mixture from both origins (50% each). Survival rates ranged from 87.8% to 93.3% with no significant differences among treatments. Crayfish from artificial incubation grew significantly faster (11.47 mm carapace length (CL), 373.80 mg weight) than crayfish from maternal incubation. In the second experiment, a bifactorial design included four treatments: the crayfish was derived from artificial or from maternal incubation and was fed once a day or twice a day. Final survival rates ranged from 68.89% to 77.78%, with no significant differences among treatments. Crayfish from artificial incubation grew significantly faster than crayfish from maternal incubation. The highest CL (14.54 mm) and weight (780.13 mg) were reached by the juveniles from artificial incubation that were fed once a day. No significant differences were found between the two feeding frequencies. Results showed that artificial incubation with formaldehyde treatments had no harmful effects and made it feasible to get a better performance from the juveniles obtained.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 7, 2008
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