The impact of hybrid dysgenesis on the chromosome structure of Drosophila melanogaster ovarian nurse cells was studied. In the examined lines and interlinear hybrids (including those yielded by dysgenic crosses in the P–M and I–R systems of hybrid dysgenesis), disturbed chromosome synapsis was revealed. The disturbance was somewhat similar to that observed in interspecific hybrids. Quantitative analysis showed that the mean frequency of nuclei with defective chromosome pairing ranged from 60.4 to 76%. FISH analysis of ovarian nurse chromosomes of Canton S × Berlin hybrids showed differences in the label localization in asynaptic homologs of arm 2L, which probably results in disrupted homolog pairing and reveal interlinear differences in localization of mobile genetic elements. Our results conform to Sved's model stating that hybrid dysgenesis is based on disorganization of the germline nuclear space.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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