The Alphavirus 6K Protein Activates Endogenous Ionic Conductances when Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes

The Alphavirus 6K Protein Activates Endogenous Ionic Conductances when Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes The Alphavirus Sindbis 6K protein is involved in several functions. It contributes to the processing and membrane insertion of E1 and PE2 viral envelope glycoproteins and to virus budding. It also permeabilizes Escherichia coli and mammalian cells. These viroporin-like properties have been proposed to help virus budding by modifying membrane permeabilities. We expressed Sindbis virus 6K cRNA in Xenopus oocytes to further characterize the effect of 6K on membrane conductances and permeabilization. Although no intrinsic channel properties were seen, cell shrinkage was observed within 24 h. Voltage-clamp experiments showed that 6K upregulated endogenous currents: a hyperpolarization-activated inward current (I in) and a calcium-dependent chloride current (I Cl). 6K was located at both the plasma and the endoplasmic reticulum membranes. The plasma membrane current upregulation likely results from disruption of the calcium homeostasis of the cell at the endoplasmic reticulum level. Indeed, 6K cRNA expression induced reticular calcium store depletion and capacitative calcium entry activation. By experimental modifications of the incubation medium, we showed that downstream of these events cell shrinkage resulted from a 6K -induced KCl efflux (I Cl upregulation leads to chloride efflux, which itself electrically drives potassium efflux), which was responsible for an osmotic water efflux. Our data confirm that 6K specifically triggers a sequential cascade of events that leads to cytoplasmic calcium elevation and cell permeabilization, which likely play a role in the Sindbis virus life cycle. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

The Alphavirus 6K Protein Activates Endogenous Ionic Conductances when Expressed in Xenopus Oocytes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-alphavirus-6k-protein-activates-endogenous-ionic-conductances-when-cZf2go4JME
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-007-9003-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Alphavirus Sindbis 6K protein is involved in several functions. It contributes to the processing and membrane insertion of E1 and PE2 viral envelope glycoproteins and to virus budding. It also permeabilizes Escherichia coli and mammalian cells. These viroporin-like properties have been proposed to help virus budding by modifying membrane permeabilities. We expressed Sindbis virus 6K cRNA in Xenopus oocytes to further characterize the effect of 6K on membrane conductances and permeabilization. Although no intrinsic channel properties were seen, cell shrinkage was observed within 24 h. Voltage-clamp experiments showed that 6K upregulated endogenous currents: a hyperpolarization-activated inward current (I in) and a calcium-dependent chloride current (I Cl). 6K was located at both the plasma and the endoplasmic reticulum membranes. The plasma membrane current upregulation likely results from disruption of the calcium homeostasis of the cell at the endoplasmic reticulum level. Indeed, 6K cRNA expression induced reticular calcium store depletion and capacitative calcium entry activation. By experimental modifications of the incubation medium, we showed that downstream of these events cell shrinkage resulted from a 6K -induced KCl efflux (I Cl upregulation leads to chloride efflux, which itself electrically drives potassium efflux), which was responsible for an osmotic water efflux. Our data confirm that 6K specifically triggers a sequential cascade of events that leads to cytoplasmic calcium elevation and cell permeabilization, which likely play a role in the Sindbis virus life cycle.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: May 5, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off