The African swine fever virus lectin EP153R modulates the surface membrane expression of MHC class I antigens

The African swine fever virus lectin EP153R modulates the surface membrane expression of MHC... We have modeled a 3D structure for the C-type lectin domain of the African swine fever virus protein EP153R, based on the structure of CD69, CD94 and Ly49A cell receptors, and this model predicts that a dimer of EP153R may establish an asymmetric interaction with one MHC-I molecule. A functional consequence of this interaction could be the modulation of MHC-I expression. By using both transfection and virus infection experiments, we demonstrate here that EP153R inhibits MHC-I membrane expression, most probably by impairing the exocytosis process, without affecting the synthesis or glycosylation of MHC antigens. Interestingly, the EP153-mediated control of MHC requires the intact configuration of the lectin domain of the viral protein, and specifically the R133 residue. Interference of EP153R gene expression during virus infection and studies using virus recombinants with the EP153R gene deleted further support the inhibitory role of the viral lectin on the expression of MHC-I antigens. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

The African swine fever virus lectin EP153R modulates the surface membrane expression of MHC class I antigens

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Infectious Diseases; Medical Microbiology ; Virology
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-010-0846-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We have modeled a 3D structure for the C-type lectin domain of the African swine fever virus protein EP153R, based on the structure of CD69, CD94 and Ly49A cell receptors, and this model predicts that a dimer of EP153R may establish an asymmetric interaction with one MHC-I molecule. A functional consequence of this interaction could be the modulation of MHC-I expression. By using both transfection and virus infection experiments, we demonstrate here that EP153R inhibits MHC-I membrane expression, most probably by impairing the exocytosis process, without affecting the synthesis or glycosylation of MHC antigens. Interestingly, the EP153-mediated control of MHC requires the intact configuration of the lectin domain of the viral protein, and specifically the R133 residue. Interference of EP153R gene expression during virus infection and studies using virus recombinants with the EP153R gene deleted further support the inhibitory role of the viral lectin on the expression of MHC-I antigens.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2011

References

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