Erkenn https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0020-x ORI G INAL RESEARCH 1 1 Giuseppe Spolaore Francesco Gallina Received: 28 June 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2018 Springer Science+Business Media B.V., part of Springer Nature 2018 Abstract Open futurism is the indeterministic position according to which the future is ‘open’, i.e., there is now no fact of the matter as to what future contingent events will actually obtain. Many open futurists hold a branching conception of time, in which a variety of possible futures exist. This paper introduces two chal- lenges to branching-time open futurism, which are similar in spirit to a challenge posed by Fine to (standard) tense realism. The paper argues that, to address the new challenges, (branching-time) open futurists must (1) adopt an objective, non-per- spectival notion of actuality and (2) subscribe to an A-theoretic, dynamic concep- tion of reality. Moreover, given a natural understanding of ‘‘actual future’’, (3) it is perfectly sensible for open futurists to hold that a unique, objectively actual future exists, contrary to a common assumption in the current debate. The paper also contends that recognising the existence of a unique actual future helps open futurists to avoid potential misconceptions. 1 Introduction Objective indeterminism is the view that
Erkenntnis – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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