The Activity of the Peroxidase System in the Course of Stress-Induced CAM Development

The Activity of the Peroxidase System in the Course of Stress-Induced CAM Development The activity of the peroxidase system in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. plants in relation to the shift from C3 to CAM photosynthesis was studied. In detached leaves of the fourth and fifth stories treated with NaCl (0.3 M), a rapid (after 30 min) transient induction of the ionically bound peroxidase (the first maximum) was observed followed by a second weak increase in the enzyme activity (90 min after salt treatment). In the leaves of intact plants, which received a longer treatment with NaCl, a two-phase change in the enzyme activity was also observed. It was most pronounced at the early stages of the NaCl-induced plant shift from C3 to CAM photosynthesis. In this case, in both detached and intact leaves of juvenile plants, the activity of soluble peroxidase was at a low steady-state level. The situation changed dramatically when M. crystallinum plants transitioned to the reproductive developmental phase and photosynthesis switched from C3 to CAM. The time dependence of the activities of both peroxidase types, the soluble ones in particular, was characterized by marked diurnal oscillations (light–dark), which coincided with the fluctuations of the total titratable acidity. In this case, the activity of the soluble enzyme was several orders of magnitude higher than the activity of the ionically bound peroxidase, even though the optimum pH for both isoforms was similar (pH 5.0). Three acid isoforms of soluble peroxidases, which operated more actively when the cytoplasm had a higher acidity, were distinguished by isoelectrofocusing. Their activity increased under salinity. Alkaline and neutral components were predominant in more than 30 molecular forms of the soluble peroxidase detected. We concluded that the operation of the peroxidase system changed substantially when plants shifted from the juvenile to the reproductive state and switched from C3 to CAM photosynthesis: the activity of stress-induced ionically bound peroxidase was drastically inhibited with a concurrent increase in the activity of soluble peroxidase and a change in the spectrum of its molecular forms. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

The Activity of the Peroxidase System in the Course of Stress-Induced CAM Development

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/the-activity-of-the-peroxidase-system-in-the-course-of-stress-induced-YvBQy30bJb
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Subject
Life Sciences; Plant Sciences
ISSN
1021-4437
eISSN
1608-3407
D.O.I.
10.1023/A:1020224531599
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The activity of the peroxidase system in Mesembryanthemum crystallinum L. plants in relation to the shift from C3 to CAM photosynthesis was studied. In detached leaves of the fourth and fifth stories treated with NaCl (0.3 M), a rapid (after 30 min) transient induction of the ionically bound peroxidase (the first maximum) was observed followed by a second weak increase in the enzyme activity (90 min after salt treatment). In the leaves of intact plants, which received a longer treatment with NaCl, a two-phase change in the enzyme activity was also observed. It was most pronounced at the early stages of the NaCl-induced plant shift from C3 to CAM photosynthesis. In this case, in both detached and intact leaves of juvenile plants, the activity of soluble peroxidase was at a low steady-state level. The situation changed dramatically when M. crystallinum plants transitioned to the reproductive developmental phase and photosynthesis switched from C3 to CAM. The time dependence of the activities of both peroxidase types, the soluble ones in particular, was characterized by marked diurnal oscillations (light–dark), which coincided with the fluctuations of the total titratable acidity. In this case, the activity of the soluble enzyme was several orders of magnitude higher than the activity of the ionically bound peroxidase, even though the optimum pH for both isoforms was similar (pH 5.0). Three acid isoforms of soluble peroxidases, which operated more actively when the cytoplasm had a higher acidity, were distinguished by isoelectrofocusing. Their activity increased under salinity. Alkaline and neutral components were predominant in more than 30 molecular forms of the soluble peroxidase detected. We concluded that the operation of the peroxidase system changed substantially when plants shifted from the juvenile to the reproductive state and switched from C3 to CAM photosynthesis: the activity of stress-induced ionically bound peroxidase was drastically inhibited with a concurrent increase in the activity of soluble peroxidase and a change in the spectrum of its molecular forms.

Journal

Russian Journal of Plant PhysiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 13, 2004

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off