Biol Invasions https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-018-1761-9 ORIGINAL PAPER Temperature dependent effects of carbon dioxide on avoidance behaviors in bigheaded carps . . . . John A. Tix Aaron R. Cupp Justin R. Smerud Richard A. Erickson . . Kim T. Fredricks Jon J. Amberg Cory D. Suski Received: 22 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 May 2018 This is a U.S. government work and its text is not subject to copyright protection in the United States; however, its text may be subject to foreign copyright protection 2018 Abstract Effective behavioral deterrents are needed avoidance and narcosis behaviors to CO at each water to prevent aquatic invasive species from entering temperature, however bighead carp responded at novel ecosystems. One deterrent strategy that shows higher CO concentrations than silver carp. Behav- promise is elevated carbon dioxide (CO ) concentra- ioral avoidance and narcosis were observed at approx- tions in water which can alter the behavior of imately 40% lower CO concentrations in 5 C water freshwater ﬁshes, including invasive bigheaded carps relative to 25 C suggesting considerable inﬂuence of (Hypophthalmichthys spp.). However, few studies water temperature on a CO stimulus for both species. have evaluated behavioral responses to elevated CO Results indicate that ﬂuctuating water
Biological Invasions – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 6, 2018
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