Temperature Dependence of Membrane Lipid Composition in Early Blastula Embryos of Lytechinus pictus: Selective Sorting of Phospholipids into Nascent Plasma Membranes

Temperature Dependence of Membrane Lipid Composition in Early Blastula Embryos of Lytechinus... Lytechinus pictus eggs were fertilized and incubated at 10, 16, and 23°C until the early blastula stage of embryonic development. The phospholipid composition of the embryos and control unfertilized eggs remain identical and unchanged as incubating temperatures are varied; thus, neither incubating temperature, fertilization nor membrane assembly affect their total phospholipid composition. This result agrees with metabolic studies by others, using only a single incubation temperature, and indicates that embryonic development to the early blastula stage occurs with little, if any, de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. However, as in all poikilotherms, the phospholipid composition of the nascent plasma membranes varies with the incubation temperature. Thus, until the blastula stage of embryonic development, the lipids of these newly formed plasma membranes are derived from lipid pools within the embryo whose phospholipid composition is static. The variation of plasma membrane composition is primarily reflected in an increase in the phosphatidylethanolamine (PE): phosphatidylcholine (PC) ratio as incubating temperatures decrease; this is achieved by an exchange of PE for PC. Several mechanisms are considered for the specificity of the selective sorting and assembly of these phospholipids into the nascent plasma membranes. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

Temperature Dependence of Membrane Lipid Composition in Early Blastula Embryos of Lytechinus pictus: Selective Sorting of Phospholipids into Nascent Plasma Membranes

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 1999 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s002329900557
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lytechinus pictus eggs were fertilized and incubated at 10, 16, and 23°C until the early blastula stage of embryonic development. The phospholipid composition of the embryos and control unfertilized eggs remain identical and unchanged as incubating temperatures are varied; thus, neither incubating temperature, fertilization nor membrane assembly affect their total phospholipid composition. This result agrees with metabolic studies by others, using only a single incubation temperature, and indicates that embryonic development to the early blastula stage occurs with little, if any, de novo phospholipid biosynthesis. However, as in all poikilotherms, the phospholipid composition of the nascent plasma membranes varies with the incubation temperature. Thus, until the blastula stage of embryonic development, the lipids of these newly formed plasma membranes are derived from lipid pools within the embryo whose phospholipid composition is static. The variation of plasma membrane composition is primarily reflected in an increase in the phosphatidylethanolamine (PE): phosphatidylcholine (PC) ratio as incubating temperatures decrease; this is achieved by an exchange of PE for PC. Several mechanisms are considered for the specificity of the selective sorting and assembly of these phospholipids into the nascent plasma membranes.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Sep 1, 1999

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