Raising the intracellular pH (pHi) above 7.7 in intracellularly perfused squid giant axons causes spontaneous firing of action potentials. The firing frequency ranged from 20 Hz at 0°C to 200 Hz at 23°C. Above 23°C, the axons were quiescent. They were bistable for 13 <T <23°C. That is, they were either quiescent or spontaneously firing. Below 13°C, spontaneous firing was the only stable element. The primary effects of changes in temperature on the underlying ionic currents were on gating of the delayed rectifier potassium channel IK, and the sodium ion channel INa. The kinetics of IK had a Q10 of 3.63. The effect of T on INa was more complicated in that the peak INa amplitude increased with T, as demonstrated in earlier reports. This effect, as well as the changes in INa kinetics produced by changes in T, were mimicked in the context of a model of INa gating in which activation and inactivations are coupled. Electrical activity was simulated in a model of the action potential with appropriate temperature-dependent modifications for INa and IK. The model predicts a change from monostability (spontaneous firing) at relatively low temperatures to bistability (quiescence and spontaneous firing) as the temperature is raised, followed by change back to monostability (quiescence) as the temperature is further increased, which is consistent with the experimental results.
The Journal of Membrane Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 1, 2002
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera