Temperature and H2O sensing in laminar premixed flames using mid-infrared heterodyne phase-sensitive dispersion spectroscopy

Temperature and H2O sensing in laminar premixed flames using mid-infrared heterodyne... We report the first demonstration of heterodyne phase-sensitive dispersion spectroscopy (HPSDS) for the simultaneous temperature and H2O concentration measurements in combustion environments. Two continuous-wave distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers (DFB-QCLs) at 5.27 and 10.53 µm were used to exploit the strong H2O transitions (1897.52 and 949.53 cm−1) at high temperatures. The injection current of each QCL was modulated at sub-GHz or GHz to generate the three-tone radiation and the dispersion signal was detected by the radio-frequency down-conversion heterodyning. The peak-to-peak ratio of the two H2O dispersion spectra exhibits a monotonic relationship with temperature over the temperature range of 1000–3000 K, indicating the capability of performing two-line thermometry using laser dispersion spectroscopy. We measured the temperatures of CH4/air flames at different equivalence ratios (Φ = 0.8–1.2), yielding a good agreement with the corresponding thermocouple measurements. In addition, one-dimensional kinetic modeling coupled with a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism (GRI 3.0) was conducted to compare with the measured H2O concentrations using HPSDS. Finally, we demonstrated HPSDS is immune to optical power fluctuations by measuring the dispersion spectra at varied incident laser powers. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Applied Physics B Springer Journals

Temperature and H2O sensing in laminar premixed flames using mid-infrared heterodyne phase-sensitive dispersion spectroscopy

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Physics; Physics, general; Physical Chemistry; Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices; Quantum Optics; Engineering, general
ISSN
0946-2171
eISSN
1432-0649
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00340-018-6990-1
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We report the first demonstration of heterodyne phase-sensitive dispersion spectroscopy (HPSDS) for the simultaneous temperature and H2O concentration measurements in combustion environments. Two continuous-wave distributed-feedback quantum cascade lasers (DFB-QCLs) at 5.27 and 10.53 µm were used to exploit the strong H2O transitions (1897.52 and 949.53 cm−1) at high temperatures. The injection current of each QCL was modulated at sub-GHz or GHz to generate the three-tone radiation and the dispersion signal was detected by the radio-frequency down-conversion heterodyning. The peak-to-peak ratio of the two H2O dispersion spectra exhibits a monotonic relationship with temperature over the temperature range of 1000–3000 K, indicating the capability of performing two-line thermometry using laser dispersion spectroscopy. We measured the temperatures of CH4/air flames at different equivalence ratios (Φ = 0.8–1.2), yielding a good agreement with the corresponding thermocouple measurements. In addition, one-dimensional kinetic modeling coupled with a detailed chemical kinetic mechanism (GRI 3.0) was conducted to compare with the measured H2O concentrations using HPSDS. Finally, we demonstrated HPSDS is immune to optical power fluctuations by measuring the dispersion spectra at varied incident laser powers.

Journal

Applied Physics BSpringer Journals

Published: May 29, 2018

References

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