The taxonomy and biological activity of 176 heterotrophic microorganisms associated with the ascidian Halocynthia aurantiumfrom the coastal waters of Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan) were studied. In the microbial community, bacteria of the genera Pseudoalteromonas(38% of all strains studied) and Bacillus(25%) prevailed and showed high biological activity. Bacteria of Pseudoalteromonaswere capable of extracellular hydrolases production and exhibited high antibiotic and antimicrobial properties. Five Pseudoalteromonasstrains were capable of restriction enzyme production. A significant proportion of the pseudoalteromonads inhibited growth ofProteus vulgarisand Candida albicans(81 and 84%, respectively). Spore-forming bacteria of Bacilluswere capable of chitin hydrolysis and extracellular inducible RNAses production (23%). They were active against Staphylococcus aureusand Bacillus subtilis(39 and 23%, respectively). Bacillus pumilusstrain KMM 1364 showed hemolytic activity and antagonistic properties against S. aureusand was found to produce surface active glycolipids and surfactinlike cyclic depsipeptides.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 16, 2004
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