Purpose The anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) has been demonstrated to be a valid clinical target in diseases such as anaplastic large cell lymphoma and non-small cell lung cancer. Recent studies have indicated that ALK is overexpressed in pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) and hence we hypothesized that this kinase may be a suitable candidate for therapeutic intervention in this tumor. Methods We evaluated the expression of ALK in a panel of pediatric RMS cell lines and patient-derived xenografts (PDX), and sensitivity to ALK inhibitors was assessed both in vitro and in vivo. Results Essentially, all RMS lines were sensitive to crizotinib, NVP-TAE684 or LDK-378 in vitro, and molecular analyses demonstrated inhibition of RMS cell proliferation following siRNA-mediated reduction of ALK expression. However, in vivo PDX studies using ALK kinase inhibitors demonstrated no antitumor activity when used as single agents or when combined with standard of care therapy (vincristine, actinomycin D and cyclophosphamide). More alarmingly, however, crizotinib actually accelerated the growth of these tumors in vivo. Conclusions While ALK appears to be a relevant target in RMS in vitro, targeting this kinase in vivo yields no therapeutic efficacy, warranting extreme caution when considering the use of these agents in pediatric RMS patients. Keywords Rhabdomyosarcoma · ALK · Patient-derived xenografts · ALK inhibitors ·
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud