Purpose This observational study was aimed to identify patients who experienced non-deferrable surgery and/or uncontrolled severe bleeding following dabigatran administration and then are potentially eligible to the use of the specific antidote idarucizumab in a real-world setting. Methods From the big Italian real-world database ARCO, a cohort of adult patients treated with dabigatran and hospitalized due to diagnoses attributable to urgent interventions and/or major bleeding was selected in 2014. Baseline characteristics and all- cause hospitalizations, specialist/diagnostic outpatient services, and healthcare costs over the 1-year follow-up were described. Results Out of 16,756,843 Italian citizens, 271,540 (1.9%) were prescribed with oral anticoagulants, and specifically, 17,450 with dabigatran. Patients identified to be hospitalized for non-deferrable surgery (n=106)and/oruncontrolledseverebleeding (n = 190) following dabigatran use were 289 (1.7%) [mean age (± SD) 79 ± 7, 50% of female sex]. On average, patients stayed in hospital 13.7 and 17.0 days, respectively. The per patient and per year cost to the Italian National Health System was on average 19,708€ (specifically 1487€ for drugs, of which 311€ for dabigatran, 17,353€ for all-cause hospitalizations, and 869€ for outpatient care), about four times more than the mean healthcare integrated cost of a single patient treated with dabigatran (4775€). Conclusions
Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 4, 2018
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