Systemic reduction of rice blast by inhibitors of antioxidant enzymes

Systemic reduction of rice blast by inhibitors of antioxidant enzymes Systemic acquired disease resistance (SAR) of plants may result from an oxidative burst in their tissues caused by both increased production of ROS and decreased antioxidant activity, in particular, enzymatic. Here we tested whether the exogenous inhibitors of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), respectively, diethyldithiocarbamate (DDC) and aminotriazole (AT), can systemically protect rice (Oryza sativa L.) from blast disease caused by fungus Magnaporthe oryzae Conouch et Kohn. The possible involvement of ROS in the protection was also examined. It was found that DDC did not affect fungal spore germination, and AT partially retarded it. Both compounds were non-toxic to plants and, when applied to the 4th leaf, greatly reduced the disease symptoms on the challenged 5th leaf. The protective action of AT apparently depended on the presence of hydrogen peroxide since the protection was diminished by a scavenger of H2O2 (dimethylthiourea) applied to the same leaf after AT, while exogenous H2O2, applied in place of AT, controlled the disease. Endogenous peroxide might accumulate due to inhibition of CAT that was actually observed in AT-treated leaves. Treatments of the 4th leaf with DDC or AT stimulated superoxide formation in the diffusate of the infected 5th leaf (as against treatment with water) pointing to the possible involvement of ROS in systemic defense responses. The same diffusates had enhanced fungitoxicities, which were reduced when antioxidants were added to the diffusate. Therefore, inhibitors of antioxidant enzymes systemically reduced rice blast, possibly via SAR. Both mechanisms of SAR induction (in the treated leaf) and expression (in the systemically protected leaf) might be mediated by ROS. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology Springer Journals

Systemic reduction of rice blast by inhibitors of antioxidant enzymes

Loading next page...
Pleiades Publishing
Copyright © 2015 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Life Sciences; Plant Physiology; Plant Sciences
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial