Systematic Review of Functional Analysis and Treatment of Elopement (2000–2015)

Systematic Review of Functional Analysis and Treatment of Elopement (2000–2015) Elopement is a dangerous behavior that is emitted by a large proportion of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis and function-based treatments are critical in identifying maintaining reinforcers and decreasing elopement. The purpose of this review was to identify recent trends in the functional analysis and treatment of elopement, as well as determine the efficacy (standardized mean differences) of recent treatments. Over half of subjects’ elopement was maintained by social positive reinforcement, while only 25% of subjects’ elopement was maintained by social negative reinforcement. Elopement was rarely maintained by automatic reinforcement, and none of the studies in the current review evaluated treatments to address automatically maintained elopement. Functional communication training was the most common intervention regardless of function. Results are discussed in terms of clinical implications and directions for future research. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Behavior Analysis in Practice Springer Journals

Systematic Review of Functional Analysis and Treatment of Elopement (2000–2015)

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Association for Behavior Analysis International
Subject
Psychology; Psychology, general
ISSN
1998-1929
eISSN
2196-8934
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40617-017-0191-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Elopement is a dangerous behavior that is emitted by a large proportion of individuals with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Functional analysis and function-based treatments are critical in identifying maintaining reinforcers and decreasing elopement. The purpose of this review was to identify recent trends in the functional analysis and treatment of elopement, as well as determine the efficacy (standardized mean differences) of recent treatments. Over half of subjects’ elopement was maintained by social positive reinforcement, while only 25% of subjects’ elopement was maintained by social negative reinforcement. Elopement was rarely maintained by automatic reinforcement, and none of the studies in the current review evaluated treatments to address automatically maintained elopement. Functional communication training was the most common intervention regardless of function. Results are discussed in terms of clinical implications and directions for future research.

Journal

Behavior Analysis in PracticeSpringer Journals

Published: May 17, 2017

References

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