System y+L-like Activities Account for High and Low Amino-Acid Transport Phenotypes in Chicken Erythrocytes

System y+L-like Activities Account for High and Low Amino-Acid Transport Phenotypes in Chicken... The functional properties of the transport of lysine across the chicken erythrocyte membrane were investigated. The animal population studied (male Leghorn chickens, 6–14 weeks old) was found to consist of two groups presenting either low (LT, 19 individuals) or high transport rates (HT, 20 individuals). The rates of influx in the two groups, measured at a concentration of l-lysine of 1 μm, differed by a factor of 34. The transport activities observed in LT and HT erythrocytes were compatible with the general features of system y+L, but showed some differences in specificity. The transporter in the LT group was found to bind l-lysine, l-leucine, l-methionine and l-glutamine with high affinity, in the presence of sodium, as described for system y+L in human erythrocytes. The activity present in HT erythrocytes exhibited a much lower affinity for l-leucine, but was able to interact strongly with l-glutamine and l-methionine. The specificity pattern of the HT transporter, has not been described in other cell types. In other respects, the properties of the two systems were similar. Sodium replacement with potassium, drastically reduced the affinity for l-leucine, without affecting lysine transport. Both transporters function as tightly coupled exchangers, are inactivated by p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate and resistant to N-ethylmaleimide. These findings explain previous results obtained in selective breeding experiments of chicken with high and low amino-acid transport activity. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

System y+L-like Activities Account for High and Low Amino-Acid Transport Phenotypes in Chicken Erythrocytes

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/system-y-l-like-activities-account-for-high-and-low-amino-acid-TWuybES0Bh
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © Inc. by 2001 Springer-Verlag New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Human Physiology
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-001-0066-5
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The functional properties of the transport of lysine across the chicken erythrocyte membrane were investigated. The animal population studied (male Leghorn chickens, 6–14 weeks old) was found to consist of two groups presenting either low (LT, 19 individuals) or high transport rates (HT, 20 individuals). The rates of influx in the two groups, measured at a concentration of l-lysine of 1 μm, differed by a factor of 34. The transport activities observed in LT and HT erythrocytes were compatible with the general features of system y+L, but showed some differences in specificity. The transporter in the LT group was found to bind l-lysine, l-leucine, l-methionine and l-glutamine with high affinity, in the presence of sodium, as described for system y+L in human erythrocytes. The activity present in HT erythrocytes exhibited a much lower affinity for l-leucine, but was able to interact strongly with l-glutamine and l-methionine. The specificity pattern of the HT transporter, has not been described in other cell types. In other respects, the properties of the two systems were similar. Sodium replacement with potassium, drastically reduced the affinity for l-leucine, without affecting lysine transport. Both transporters function as tightly coupled exchangers, are inactivated by p-chloromercuribenzene sulfonate and resistant to N-ethylmaleimide. These findings explain previous results obtained in selective breeding experiments of chicken with high and low amino-acid transport activity.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Oct 1, 2001

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Access to DeepDyve database
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off