Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2011, Vol. 84, No. 4, pp. 666−669.
Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2011.
Original Russian Text © P.A. Muzalev, I.D. Kosobudskii, D.M. Kul’batskii, N.M. Ushakov, V.Ya. Podvigalkin, 2011, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii,
2011, Vol. 84, No. 4, pp. 629−632.
AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
Synthesis, Structure, and Properties
of Silver Nanocomposite Materials
with Poly(Hydroxyethyl Methacrylate) Matrix
P. A. Muzalev
, I. D. Kosobudskii
, D. M. Kul’batskii
N. M. Ushakov
, and V. Ya. Podvigalkin
Saratov State Technical University, Saratov, Russia
Saratov Branch, Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics,
Russian Academy of Sciences, Saratov, Russia
Received November 19, 2010
Abstract—The mechanism of photoreduction of silver particles from colloidal solutions in 2-hydroxyethyl
methacrylate, followed by its photopolymerization for preparing antireﬂ ection coatings, is considered.
Many novel polymeric materials, including polymeric
gels, came into everyday use in the past years. Interest
in polymeric gels is primarily caused by their wide use
in medicine. In particular, such items are prepared on
the basis of these materials as contact lenses, devices for
controlled release of a drug, cosmetics, biosensors or
electrodes, coatings or membranes, and skin adhesives
[1–3]. The capability of these materials to absorb and bind
water allows their use for recovery of noble metals from
solutions and of groundwater in deserts [4, 5].
Hydrogels have amorphous structure and, like all the
polymers of amorphous structure, are characterized by
good light transmission (transmittance T = 0.88–0.95).
Therefore, this class of polymers can be used in optical
It was reported in numerous papers that introduction
of metal nanoparticles into amorphous polymeric matrices
yields materials with principally new properties (magnet-
ic, optical). The possibility of preparing nanocomposite
antireﬂ ection coatings for semiconductor systems (lasers
and photocells) was demonstrated .
In this study we prepared nanocomposites based on
poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) matrix and
silver nanoparticles and examined the physicochemical
properties of the materials obtained.
Silver nanoparticles were prepared by photochemical
reduction of a metal-containing compound in the course
of UV-initiated polymerization of 2-hydroxyethyl meth-
A glass ﬂ ask was charged with 50 ml of liquid HEMA
monomer and 100 mg of a photoinitiator (2,2-dimethoxy-
2-phenylacetophenone). An ammonia solution of silver
oxide of various concentrations, prepared by dissolving
silver nitrate in aqueous ammonia, was added with vigor-
ous stirring. The concentration of the ammine complex
was varied from 2 × 10
O = [Ag(NH
UV irradiation (wavelength 320 nm) of the silver am-
mine complex in water results in generation of solvated
→ 4e(aq) + 4H