Synthesis, structural and photocatalytic studies of Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles

Synthesis, structural and photocatalytic studies of Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles (Cd1−x Mn x S; where x = 0.00–0.10) were synthesized by a chemical precipitation method. The synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and UV–Vis spectrometer. The XRD and TEM measurements show that the size of crystallites is in the range of 10–40 nm. Optical measurements indicated a red shift in the absorption band edge upon Mn doping. The direct allowed band gaps of undoped and Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles measured by UV–Vis spectrometer were 2.3 and 2.4 eV at 400 °C, respectively. Photocatalytic activities of CdS and Mn-doped CdS were evaluated by irradiating the solution to ultraviolet light and taking methyl orange (MO) as organic dye. It was found that 5 mol% Mn-doped CdS bleaches MO much faster than undoped CdS upon its exposure to the ultraviolet light. The experiment demonstrated that the photo-degradation efficiency of 5 mol% Mn-doped CdS was significantly higher than that of undoped CdS. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Synthesis, structural and photocatalytic studies of Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-012-0586-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles (Cd1−x Mn x S; where x = 0.00–0.10) were synthesized by a chemical precipitation method. The synthesized products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and UV–Vis spectrometer. The XRD and TEM measurements show that the size of crystallites is in the range of 10–40 nm. Optical measurements indicated a red shift in the absorption band edge upon Mn doping. The direct allowed band gaps of undoped and Mn-doped CdS nanoparticles measured by UV–Vis spectrometer were 2.3 and 2.4 eV at 400 °C, respectively. Photocatalytic activities of CdS and Mn-doped CdS were evaluated by irradiating the solution to ultraviolet light and taking methyl orange (MO) as organic dye. It was found that 5 mol% Mn-doped CdS bleaches MO much faster than undoped CdS upon its exposure to the ultraviolet light. The experiment demonstrated that the photo-degradation efficiency of 5 mol% Mn-doped CdS was significantly higher than that of undoped CdS.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: May 13, 2012

References

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