Synthesis of sol–gel Na2Zr x Ti6−x O13 (0≤x≤1) materials and their performance in photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes

Synthesis of sol–gel Na2Zr x Ti6−x O13 (0≤x≤1) materials and their performance in... In this work we present the synthesis and characterization of four compositions of the solid solution with the general formula Na2Zr x Ti6−x O13 (0≤x≤1) which was prepared by a sol-gel method. The main goal of this work is to evaluate the influence of the incorporation of different amounts of zirconium into the binary phase Na2Ti6O13 on two properties: the textural surface and E g values. This titanate phase crystallizes in a monoclinic unit cell and is built into an octahedral TiO6 framework forming a rectangular tunnel structure. Additionally, we have compared their photocatalytic performances in degradation of organic dyes under visible light. The heat-treated sol-gel samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, N2 physisorption, thermal analysis, UV and FT-IR spectroscopy. According to the X-ray powder diffraction results, the new ternary tunnel compound Na2ZrTi5O13 was obtained as a single phase at 800°C. The cell parameters for the two end-member phases of that solid solution were refined to confirm that Zr ion was incorporated into the structural framework. This ternary compound had an E g value of about 2.9 eV. The activity of all heat-treated Na2ZrTi5O13 samples was tested in the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue and Rhodamine B under visible light. The Na2ZrTi5O13 calcined at 400°C showed the best performance with 95% of photodegradation of methylene blue and a half time t 1/2 of 15 min. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Synthesis of sol–gel Na2Zr x Ti6−x O13 (0≤x≤1) materials and their performance in photocatalytic degradation of organic dyes

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Springer
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1163/156856708784040678
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this work we present the synthesis and characterization of four compositions of the solid solution with the general formula Na2Zr x Ti6−x O13 (0≤x≤1) which was prepared by a sol-gel method. The main goal of this work is to evaluate the influence of the incorporation of different amounts of zirconium into the binary phase Na2Ti6O13 on two properties: the textural surface and E g values. This titanate phase crystallizes in a monoclinic unit cell and is built into an octahedral TiO6 framework forming a rectangular tunnel structure. Additionally, we have compared their photocatalytic performances in degradation of organic dyes under visible light. The heat-treated sol-gel samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction, N2 physisorption, thermal analysis, UV and FT-IR spectroscopy. According to the X-ray powder diffraction results, the new ternary tunnel compound Na2ZrTi5O13 was obtained as a single phase at 800°C. The cell parameters for the two end-member phases of that solid solution were refined to confirm that Zr ion was incorporated into the structural framework. This ternary compound had an E g value of about 2.9 eV. The activity of all heat-treated Na2ZrTi5O13 samples was tested in the photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue and Rhodamine B under visible light. The Na2ZrTi5O13 calcined at 400°C showed the best performance with 95% of photodegradation of methylene blue and a half time t 1/2 of 15 min.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 15, 2009

References

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