Clean water, which is free from pathogens and toxic chemicals, is vital to human health. The blue planet is encountering remarkable challenges in meeting the ever-increasing demands of clean water. The intention of this research study was to develop a water filter material that is capable of removing bacterial contaminants and heavy metals from fresh water using cost effective and easily fabricated biocompatible filter material. For this purpose, granular activated carbon (GAC) was coated with both hydroxyapatite (HAP) nanoflakes and turmeric extract (TE) (HAP/TE/GAC) which had been extracted from natural turmeric powder. In addition, GAC was coated only with HAP nanoflakes to synthesize HAP coated GAC (HAP/GAC) composite. Prepared HAP/GAC and HAP/TE/GAC were characterized using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffractometry, scanning electron microscopy and UV–visible spectrophotometry. Antibacterial effect of the prepared nanocomposites, HAP/GAC and HAP/TE/GAC was compared with neat GAC using Gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli. Results showed that antibacterial studies of the synthesized nanocomposites exhibit effective antibacterial activity against E. coli compared with neat GAC alone. However, the composite HAP/TE/GAC revealed better activity than HAP/GAC. Heavy metal adsorption ability of the synthesized composites was carried out using Pb2+ ions at room temperature at different time intervals and different pH levels. The equilibrium adsorption data were assessed via Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm models for neat GAC, HAP/GAC and HAP/TE/GAC at pH 6. The equilibrium adsorption data for GAC, HAP/GAC and HAP/TE/GAC were well fitted with both Freundlich and Langmuir isotherm models in the given Pb2+ concentrations. The HAP/TE/GAC composite is capable of maintaining the natural function of GAC in addition to removal of bacterial contaminants and heavy metals, which can be used as a point-of-use water filter material.[Figure not available: see fulltext.]
Chemistry Central Journal – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 21, 2018
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