Synthesis of genomic and subgenomic RNAs by a membrane-bound RNA-dependent RNA polymerase isolated from oat plants infected with cereal yellow dwarf virus

Synthesis of genomic and subgenomic RNAs by a membrane-bound RNA-dependent RNA polymerase... A membrane-bound RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) complex was isolated by differential sedimentation from oat plants infected with cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV). When incubated with 32 P-labelled UTP, unlabelled ATP, CTP and GTP, and Mg 2+ ions, the RdRp preparation catalysed the synthesis of double-stranded (ds) RNAs corresponding in size to the virus genomic RNA (5.7 kbp) and two putative subgenomic RNAs (2.8 and 0.7 kbp). Hybridisation using strand-specific hybridization targets showed that the 5.7-kbp dsRNA was labelled mainly in the plus strand, whereas the 2.8- and 0.7-kbp dsRNAs were labelled only in the minus strand. Genomic-length single-stranded, plus-strand RNA of 5.7 kb and single-stranded, plus-strand subgenomic RNAs of 2.8 and 0.7 kbp were detected in RNA isolated from oat plants infected with CYDV. Mapping experiments were consistent with the genomic and subgenomic RNAs having common 3′ ends, but different 5′ ends, whether produced in vitro or in vivo . The RdRp-encoding region of the CYDV genome was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli , and the purified protein was used to raise antibodies in a rabbit. In immunoblots, the antibodies detected a protein of about 68 kDa in RdRp preparations from CYDV-infected oat plants, but not from equivalent preparations from healthy oats. As far as we are aware, this is the first report of an in vitro RNA synthesis system for a phloem-limited virus. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Virology Springer Journals

Synthesis of genomic and subgenomic RNAs by a membrane-bound RNA-dependent RNA polymerase isolated from oat plants infected with cereal yellow dwarf virus

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Virology; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
0304-8608
eISSN
1432-8798
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00705-006-0789-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

A membrane-bound RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) complex was isolated by differential sedimentation from oat plants infected with cereal yellow dwarf virus (CYDV). When incubated with 32 P-labelled UTP, unlabelled ATP, CTP and GTP, and Mg 2+ ions, the RdRp preparation catalysed the synthesis of double-stranded (ds) RNAs corresponding in size to the virus genomic RNA (5.7 kbp) and two putative subgenomic RNAs (2.8 and 0.7 kbp). Hybridisation using strand-specific hybridization targets showed that the 5.7-kbp dsRNA was labelled mainly in the plus strand, whereas the 2.8- and 0.7-kbp dsRNAs were labelled only in the minus strand. Genomic-length single-stranded, plus-strand RNA of 5.7 kb and single-stranded, plus-strand subgenomic RNAs of 2.8 and 0.7 kbp were detected in RNA isolated from oat plants infected with CYDV. Mapping experiments were consistent with the genomic and subgenomic RNAs having common 3′ ends, but different 5′ ends, whether produced in vitro or in vivo . The RdRp-encoding region of the CYDV genome was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli , and the purified protein was used to raise antibodies in a rabbit. In immunoblots, the antibodies detected a protein of about 68 kDa in RdRp preparations from CYDV-infected oat plants, but not from equivalent preparations from healthy oats. As far as we are aware, this is the first report of an in vitro RNA synthesis system for a phloem-limited virus.

Journal

Archives of VirologySpringer Journals

Published: Nov 1, 2006

References

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