In order to enhance the thermal conductivity of aluminum nitride (AlN) with sintering additives including yttria (Y2O3), it is necessary to form yttrium aluminate garnet (YAG) and secondary phases both within and around the boundaries of AIN drains. Nano-sized porous AlN particles were produced to form YAG and secondary phases within AlN grains, after which a AlN–Y2O3 nano–nano composite was formed from AlN and amorphous Y2O3. Porous AlN powders were first successfully synthesized by the chemical vapor synthesis (CVS) method. Highly crystalline and nano-sized porous AlN powders were synthesized at 1,200 °C. Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) analysis showed that these powders had very large surface areas, suggesting that the particles approached nano-scale sizes with very small pores. To form composites of Y2O3 and AlN, we prepared a yttrium source solution that infiltrated the nano-sized pores of the AlN particles. Such an infiltration of AlN with amorphous Y2O3 was expected to effectively reduce the residual oxygen content by facilitating the formation of YAG and secondary phases during the sintering process. We characterized the composite powders of AlN–Y2O3 and the sintered bodies using BET, XRD, SEM, TEM, and thermal conductivity analyses.
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 16, 2010
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