Alumina aerogels are prepared from the cheap AlCl3·6H2O precursor by the sol-gel method using acetoacetic-grafted polyvinyl alcohol (acac-PVA) as a template and dispersing agent, and propylene oxide as a gelation initiator. The acac-PVA has a high dispersing ability for Al3+ ion through complexation interaction and increases the content of AlCl3·6H2O in sols to as high as 37 wt%, leading to the formation of wet gels without precipitate and crack, and little shrinkage. As-prepared alumina aerogels have high density, high mechanical strength, high mesoporosity, and high-surface area. The shrinkage in supercritical drying processes is greatly reduced. The specific surface area increases and pore size decreases with increasing the content of the acac-PVA in sols. The acac-PVA also acts as a template that provides nucleation sites for boehmite AlOOH particles and inhibits their growth. An excess content of the acac-PVA isolates secondary particles, weakens the interaction between them, and therefore decreases the Young’s modulus. Coarsening is not alleviated obviously after removal of the acac-PVA by high-temperature treatment in air, and the fine primary particles grow into nanorods with diameters of 10–20 nm and lengths of 30–70 nm.
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera