Synthesis, anti-hyperglycaemic activity, and in-silico studies of N-substituted 5-(furan-2-ylmethylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives

Synthesis, anti-hyperglycaemic activity, and in-silico studies of N-substituted... Thiazolidinedione derivatives have been used as anti-hyperglycemic agents in diabetic patients since last decade. In the present study, a series of N-substituted-5-(furan-2-ylmethylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives were synthesized and characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and mass spectra. The introduction of the alkyl/haloalkyl moiety onto the amidic nitrogen of the thiazolidine-2,4-dione ring was intended to enhance the anti-hyperglycaemic activity, which was further tested in vivo by using alloxan-induced diabetic laca mice. Molecular docking simulation studies further helped in understanding the nature of the interactions and the binding mode of ligands inside the active site of the protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B enzyme, which negatively regulates the insulin signaling pathway. The compounds were screened for in-vivo anti-hyperglycaemic activity in which compounds 9 and 10 have exhibited significant decreases in blood glucose level comparable to that of pioglitazone. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Synthesis, anti-hyperglycaemic activity, and in-silico studies of N-substituted 5-(furan-2-ylmethylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-016-2592-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Thiazolidinedione derivatives have been used as anti-hyperglycemic agents in diabetic patients since last decade. In the present study, a series of N-substituted-5-(furan-2-ylmethylene)thiazolidine-2,4-dione derivatives were synthesized and characterized by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR and mass spectra. The introduction of the alkyl/haloalkyl moiety onto the amidic nitrogen of the thiazolidine-2,4-dione ring was intended to enhance the anti-hyperglycaemic activity, which was further tested in vivo by using alloxan-induced diabetic laca mice. Molecular docking simulation studies further helped in understanding the nature of the interactions and the binding mode of ligands inside the active site of the protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B enzyme, which negatively regulates the insulin signaling pathway. The compounds were screened for in-vivo anti-hyperglycaemic activity in which compounds 9 and 10 have exhibited significant decreases in blood glucose level comparable to that of pioglitazone.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 1, 2016

References

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