Synthesis and properties of quaternary ammonium Gemini surfactants with hydroxyl groups

Synthesis and properties of quaternary ammonium Gemini surfactants with hydroxyl groups The article describes synthesis of four hydroxyethyl alkylene–double alkyl bromide through substitution of nucleophilic d iethanolamine, 1-bromododecane, and 1,4-dibromobutane. The structure of the new hydroxyl cationic surfactant (HDCS) was characterized by 1H NMR and FTIR spectra. The aqueous solution of HDCS showed critical micelle concentration, i.e., 5.6 × 10−2 mM, and could reduce oil/water interfacial tension to 3.28 × 10−3 mN m−1. The surface tension measurements provided a series of parameters, including critical micelle concentration (CMC), surface tension at the CMC (γ CMC), adsorption efficiency (pC 20), and effectiveness of surface tension reduction (ΠCMC). In addition, maximum surface excess concentration (Гmax) and minimum surface area/molecule (Amin) at the air/water interface were obtained by the Gibbs adsorption isotherm. The influence of inorganic salts (sodium chloride, calcium chloride) and organic salts (sodium benzoate) on the surface tension of HDCS in aqueous solution was investigated. For wettability alteration measurement, contact angle measurement as a quantitative method was utilized. Meanwhile, foam ability, foam stability, and emulsifying property of the synthesized surfactant were also examined at different concentration. HDCS also had excellent viscosity property. Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry Springer Journals

Synthesis and properties of quaternary ammonium Gemini surfactants with hydroxyl groups

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Pleiades Publishing
Copyright © 2016 by Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.
Chemistry; Chemistry/Food Science, general; Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering
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