ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2015, Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 153−159. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2015.
Original Russian Text © Z.G. Asadov, A.Z. Asadova, R.A. Ragimov, T.A. Poladova, S.F. Akhmedbekova, 2015, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, 2015,
Vol. 88, No. 1, pp. 164−171.
Synthesis and Properties of New Oil-Collecting
and Dispersing Polymeric Reagents
Based on Acrylic Acid, α-Oleﬁ ns, and Amines
Z. G. Asadov, A. Z. Asadova, R. A. Ragimov, T. A. Poladova,
and S. F. Akhmedbekova
Institute of Petrochemical Processes, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan,
Khojali pr. 30, Baku, AZ1025 Azerbaijan
Received December 5, 2014
Abstract—New polymeric reagents based on acrylic acid and 1-dodecene were synthesized. The copolymers
were modiﬁ ed with various amines (diethylamine, monoethanolamine, diethanolamine, triethanolamine). The
physicochemical characteristics of the reagents obtained were determined, and their oil-collecting and dispersing
properties were studied.
Pollution of water bodies with crude oil and petroleum
products is a major environmental problem. The impact
of the oil pollution on the ﬂ ora and fauna of water bod-
ies and the biological processes associated with the oil
pollution have been studied insufﬁ ciently. On the other
hand, efﬁ cient methods for treatment of water bodies
polluted with crude oil and petroleum products are ex-
tremely few. Various methods are used for liquidation of
emergency petroleum product spills [1, 2]. Accidents with
oil tankers and at oil pipelines lead to the discharge of
large amounts of oil to the hydrosphere. After collection
of thick oil ﬁ lms with mechanical devices, thin oil ﬁ lms
presenting environmental hazards remain on the surface
of water bodies. Such ﬁ lms can be removed only with
oil-collecting and dispersing reagents [3–5]. It should be
noted that polymers form only a minor fraction of these
This study deals with new oil-collecting and dispersing
The following chemicals were used for preparing new
oil-collecting and dispersing reagents.
Acrylic acid (AA) of pure grade (Shostka Plant of
Chemical Reagents, Ukraine) was puriﬁ ed by vacuum dis-
tillation prior to use. The fraction boiling at 35–37°С/20–
22 mmHg with n
1.4218 was used in the syntheses.
1-Dodecene was purchased from OAO Nizhnekamskneft-
ekhim (Russia). Diethylamine (DEAM), reagent grade,
was purchased from Alfa Aesar. Monoethanolamine
(MEA), diethanolamine (DEA), and triethanolamine
(TEA), all pure grade, were produced in Latvia. Benzoyl
peroxide, reagent grade, was purchased from Alfa Aesar.
Syntheses of the polymers and copolymers were per-
formed in sealed glass reactors.
The IR spectra were recorded with an Alpha Fourier
IR spectrometer (Bruker, Germany) in the wavenumber
range 600–4000 cm
The acid numbers of the copolymers were determined
by standard procedures .
The surface tension of aqueous solutions of the syn-
thesized substances was measured by the stalagmometric
method following the Rebinder–Venstrem procedure .
The synthesized compounds were tested for the oil-
collecting activity in a laboratory as follows . Water
(40 mL) and crude oil (1 mL) were loaded into a Petri