Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2010, Vol. 83, No. 11, pp. 2020−2023.
Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2010.
Original Russian Text © K.G. Guliev, S.B. Mamedli, A.M. Guliev, 2010, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, 2010, Vol. 83, No. 11, pp. 1889−1893.
AND POLYMERIC MATERIALS
Synthesis and Properties of Cyclopropane-Containing Optically
K. G. Guliev, S. B. Mamedli, and A. M. Guliev
Institute of Polymeric Materials, National Academy of Sciences of Azerbaijan, Sumgait, Azerbaijan
Received March 1, 2010
Abstract—New cyclopropane-containing optically transparent polymers were prepared by radical
homopolymerization of p-(2-methoxycarbonylcyclopropyl)styrene and by its binary copolymerization with styrene
and methyl methacrylate. The composition and structure of these macromolecular compounds were determined,
and their main service characteristics were evaluated.
Optically transparent materials used today include
inorganic glasses, single and polycrystals, and polymers
[1–6]. The most widely used are inorganic glasses because
of excellent optical characteristics. At the same time,
inorganic glasses are characterized by relatively high
density, difﬁ cult coloring and processing, and low shock
resistance. Therefore, in the past years organic polymers
found wide use as optically transparent materials for
optical devices and for decoration and ﬁ nishing. Parts
and devices made using optically transparent polymers
are characterized by low weight, no acute fragments are
formed upon their break, and process for production of
optical parts from them is relatively simple and cheap.
The most widely used optically transparent polymers
are poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA), polystyrene
(PS), styrene copolymers, and polycarbonates. They
form the base of optically transparent polymers owing
to high light transmittance. However, each of these
polymers has certain drawbacks restricting its wide use.
For example, PMMA and PS have low softening point;
PMMA exhibit excellent transparency and high strength
characteristics, but its water absorption is high and the
surface of parts made on the PMMA base is readily
scratched; PS is less transparent than PMMA but is
characterized by good strength and low water absorption
coefﬁ cient. Hence, it is necessary to develop polymeric
materials combining the advantages of polystyrene and
Here we report on the synthesis and study of new
cyclopropane-containing polymers and copolymers:
homopolymers of p-(2-methoxycarbonylcyclopropyl)
styrene (MCPS) and its copolymers with methyl
methacrylate (MMA) and styrene (St). The efﬁ ciency of
using this class of compounds as optically transparent
material was demonstrated previously .
MCPS was prepared by the reaction of methyl
diazoacetate with p-divinylbenzene in the presence of
a catalytic amount of anhydrous СuSO
The structure of MCPS was determined by IR and
NMR spectroscopy. In the IR spectrum of MCPS, there
is an absorption band at 1035–1045 cm