Synthesis and characterization of different types of epoxide-based Mannich polyols from low-cost cashew nut shell liquid

Synthesis and characterization of different types of epoxide-based Mannich polyols from low-cost... Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) is a natural aromatic organic oil consisting of phenolic compounds with interesting structures. Extraction of CNSL was performed in a Soxhlet apparatus. The major (90 %) component of CNSL is anacardic acid, which is easily decarboxylated to cardanol (10 %) by use of conventional methods. In this paper we describe a three-step synthesis of Mannich polyols for rigid foams. The first step is synthesis of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1,3-oxazolidine (the Mannich precursor) by condensation of paraformaldehyde and diethanolamine. The second step involves synthesis of the Mannich base phenolic ring of cardanol by reaction with N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1,3-oxazolidine. The third step is alkoxylation. The synthesized polyols were characterized by FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and thin-layer chromatography. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Research on Chemical Intermediates Springer Journals

Synthesis and characterization of different types of epoxide-based Mannich polyols from low-cost cashew nut shell liquid

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2013 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Chemistry; Catalysis; Physical Chemistry; Inorganic Chemistry
ISSN
0922-6168
eISSN
1568-5675
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11164-013-1034-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL) is a natural aromatic organic oil consisting of phenolic compounds with interesting structures. Extraction of CNSL was performed in a Soxhlet apparatus. The major (90 %) component of CNSL is anacardic acid, which is easily decarboxylated to cardanol (10 %) by use of conventional methods. In this paper we describe a three-step synthesis of Mannich polyols for rigid foams. The first step is synthesis of N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1,3-oxazolidine (the Mannich precursor) by condensation of paraformaldehyde and diethanolamine. The second step involves synthesis of the Mannich base phenolic ring of cardanol by reaction with N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-1,3-oxazolidine. The third step is alkoxylation. The synthesized polyols were characterized by FTIR and 1H NMR spectroscopy and thin-layer chromatography.

Journal

Research on Chemical IntermediatesSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 14, 2013

References

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