L-Leucine (Leu) is a hydrophobic natural amino acid and can polymerize into poly-L-Leucine (PLeu) to be an excellent biocompatible material. In this paper, a hyperbranched copolymer polyethyleneimine-g-poly-L-leucine (PEI-g-PLeu) was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization with leucine NCA as monomer and PEI as initiator, which will be used as drug and gene co-delivery system for cancer therapy. To characterize the transfection efficiency in vitro, pGL3 as the reporter gene was loaded in PEI-g-PLeu to form complexes. Doxorubicin (DOX) with cis-aconitic anhydride linker (CAD) and calf thymus DNA (as model DNA) were co-loaded in PEI-g-PLeu to obtain PEI-g-PLeu/DNA/CAD nanoparticles to measure Zeta potentials and particle sizes. Lastly, CAD and modified Bc12-shRNA(as therapeutic gene) were co-loaded in PEI-g-PLeu to get PEI-g-PLeu/CAD/DNA complexes. Our finding revealed when PEI and PLeu with the molar ratio of 1:240, and PEI-g-PLeu and DNA with the mass ratio of 1:5, PEI-g-PLeu/CAD/DNA had negligible cytotoxicity with equivalent gene transfaction efficiency compared with PEI25k. As a result, PEI-g-PLeu/CAD/DNA was a promising drug and gene co-delivery system.
Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 17, 2018
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