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Synthesis and characterisation of tribasic lead sulphate as the negative active material of lead-acid battery

Synthesis and characterisation of tribasic lead sulphate as the negative active material of... Although tribasic lead sulphate (3BS) has been chemically prepared and found in the cured negative plates of lead-acid batteries (LABs), little was known about its behaviour if it is used directly as their negative active material (NAM). Here, we report a much more facile and energy-saving route to prepare phase pure 3BS powders: after β-PbO is reacted with PbSO4 at 30 °C, elongated 3BS plates of 4~8 μm in length, 1~3 μm in width and 0.1~0.2 μm in thickness are obtained in 4 h. Compared with electrodes prepared from β-PbO, α-PbO and leady oxide, the as-prepared 3BS electrode shows much better performance, which discharges more than 90 at 120 mA g−1 within 100 cycles of 100% DOD (depth of discharge) in a flooded cell. Therefore, 3BS can be used directly as NAM of LABs. It is also worth to notice that using 3BS can reduce the curing/drying time of the plates, thus save energy and produce uniformity in LAB production. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry Springer Journals

Synthesis and characterisation of tribasic lead sulphate as the negative active material of lead-acid battery

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Chemistry; Physical Chemistry; Electrochemistry; Energy Storage; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Analytical Chemistry; Condensed Matter Physics
ISSN
1432-8488
eISSN
1433-0768
DOI
10.1007/s10008-018-3998-8
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Although tribasic lead sulphate (3BS) has been chemically prepared and found in the cured negative plates of lead-acid batteries (LABs), little was known about its behaviour if it is used directly as their negative active material (NAM). Here, we report a much more facile and energy-saving route to prepare phase pure 3BS powders: after β-PbO is reacted with PbSO4 at 30 °C, elongated 3BS plates of 4~8 μm in length, 1~3 μm in width and 0.1~0.2 μm in thickness are obtained in 4 h. Compared with electrodes prepared from β-PbO, α-PbO and leady oxide, the as-prepared 3BS electrode shows much better performance, which discharges more than 90 at 120 mA g−1 within 100 cycles of 100% DOD (depth of discharge) in a flooded cell. Therefore, 3BS can be used directly as NAM of LABs. It is also worth to notice that using 3BS can reduce the curing/drying time of the plates, thus save energy and produce uniformity in LAB production.

Journal

Journal of Solid State ElectrochemistrySpringer Journals

Published: May 28, 2018

References