An electron microscopy study of the anlage of cerebral cortex of human embryo has been carried with the aim of determining the presence of syncytial interneuronal connections in embryogenesis. It has been determined that, in part of the neurons, the glial embryo is absent and their external cell membranes are directly attached to each other by forming elongated or dotted tight junctions. Sometimes these junctions are perforated and, on their basis, the true syncytial interneuronal connections are formed. Natural structural properties of these connections are the following: formation of the base of tight membrane contacts, obligatory rounding of perforation edges, and the presence of residual particles in the form of spherical vesicles in the lumen of perforations. Results obtained allowed us to conclude that, in the anlage of cerebral cortex of embryos obtained during surgical abortion of pregnancy, apart from the formation of synaptic contacts, or until their formation, there is the possibility of syncytial interneuronal connections appearing. This should be considered during the transplantation of the developing brain.
Russian Journal of Developmental Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 13, 2011
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