Experiments are carried out in the wake of a cylinder of d c = 10 mm diameter placed symmetrically between two parallel walls with a blockage ratio r = 1/3 and a Reynolds number varying between 75 ≤ Re ≤ 277. Particle image velocimetry is exerted to obtain the instantaneous velocity components in the cylinder wake. A snapshot proper orthogonal decomposition (POD) is also applied to these PIV results in order to extract the dominant modes through the implementation of an inhomogeneous filtering of these different snapshots, apart from an interpolation to estimate the wall shear rate at the lower wall downstream the cylinder. Mass transfer circular probes are placed at the lower wall downstream this obstacle so as to further determine the time evolution of the wall shear rate, by bringing the inverse method to bear on the convective-diffusion equation. Comparisons between the two synchronized techniques demonstrate that electrochemical method can give more accurate information about the coherent structures present in the flow and about the interaction of the von Kármán vortices with the walls of the tunnel as well. The comparison between the two measurement techniques in the flow regions concerns the spatiotemporal evolutions of the wall shear rate obtained from PIV measurements and the wall shear rate using mass transfer probes. Discrepancy between the PIV measurements and the electrochemical ones near the wall, where the secondary vortices P 1′ are generated at wall, are caused by a PIV bias and a limitations of the singular mass transfer probes.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Nov 26, 2010
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