Synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay in a excitatory–inhibitory coupled neuronal network

Synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay in a excitatory–inhibitory coupled... Information transmission delays are an inherent factor of neuronal systems as a consequence of the finite propagation speeds and time lapses occurring by both dendritic and synaptic processes. In real neuronal systems, some delay between two neurons is too small and can be ignored, which results in partial time delay. In this paper, we focus on investigating influences of partial time delay on synchronization transitions in a excitatory–inhibitory (E–I) coupled neuronal networks. Here, we suppose time delay between two neurons equals to $$\tau $$ τ with probability $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay and investigate effect of partial time delay on synchronization transitions of the neuronal networks by controlling $$\tau $$ τ and $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay under three cases. In these three cases, excitatory synapses are always considered to delayed with probability $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay , while inhibitory synapses are considered to be without delays (case I), delayed with probability $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay (case II), and always delayed (case III), respectively. It is revealed that, in the first two cases, partial time delay has little influences on synchronization of the neuronal network for small $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay , while it could induce synchronization transitions at $$\tau $$ τ around integer multiples of the period of individual neuron T when $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay is large enough, while in the case III, partial time delay could induce synchronization transitions at $$\tau $$ τ being around odd integer multiples of T / 2 for small $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay and at $$\tau $$ τ being around integer multiples of T for large $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay . Most interesting observation is that partial time delay could induce frequent synchronization transitions at $$\tau $$ τ being around integer multiples of T / 2 for intermediate $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay . Moreover, effect of rewiring probability on synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay has been discussed. It is found that synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay are robust to rewiring probability for large $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay under the three cases. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nonlinear Dynamics Springer Journals

Synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay in a excitatory–inhibitory coupled neuronal network

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Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Engineering; Vibration, Dynamical Systems, Control; Classical Mechanics; Mechanical Engineering; Automotive Engineering
ISSN
0924-090X
eISSN
1573-269X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11071-017-3600-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Information transmission delays are an inherent factor of neuronal systems as a consequence of the finite propagation speeds and time lapses occurring by both dendritic and synaptic processes. In real neuronal systems, some delay between two neurons is too small and can be ignored, which results in partial time delay. In this paper, we focus on investigating influences of partial time delay on synchronization transitions in a excitatory–inhibitory (E–I) coupled neuronal networks. Here, we suppose time delay between two neurons equals to $$\tau $$ τ with probability $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay and investigate effect of partial time delay on synchronization transitions of the neuronal networks by controlling $$\tau $$ τ and $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay under three cases. In these three cases, excitatory synapses are always considered to delayed with probability $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay , while inhibitory synapses are considered to be without delays (case I), delayed with probability $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay (case II), and always delayed (case III), respectively. It is revealed that, in the first two cases, partial time delay has little influences on synchronization of the neuronal network for small $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay , while it could induce synchronization transitions at $$\tau $$ τ around integer multiples of the period of individual neuron T when $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay is large enough, while in the case III, partial time delay could induce synchronization transitions at $$\tau $$ τ being around odd integer multiples of T / 2 for small $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay and at $$\tau $$ τ being around integer multiples of T for large $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay . Most interesting observation is that partial time delay could induce frequent synchronization transitions at $$\tau $$ τ being around integer multiples of T / 2 for intermediate $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay . Moreover, effect of rewiring probability on synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay has been discussed. It is found that synchronization transitions induced by partial time delay are robust to rewiring probability for large $$p_{\mathrm{delay}}$$ p delay under the three cases.

Journal

Nonlinear DynamicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 16, 2017

References

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