Comparative analysis provides evidence that bilateral symmetry is a primary character of Cnidaria. All anthozoan taxa are characterized by bilateral symmetry. The anthozoan pharyngeal plane is a plane of bilateral symmetry of mesenteries and, at the same time, it is a plane of bilateral symmetry of regulatory gene expression in anthozoan morphogenesis. In Medusozoa, the bilateral symmetry is replaced by radial symmetry, but some hydrozoans (for example, Corymorphidae) demonstrate bilateral symmetry. The bilateral symmetry of Cnidaria is thought to be inherited from the common ancestors of both cnidarians and triploblastic bilaterians. The secondary radial symmetry of Cnidaria evidently is a result of the adaptation to the sessile mode of life. The presence of both the marginal and labial rings of tentacles is supposed to be a plesiomorphic character of Cnidaria. In some groups of cnidarians, one of the tentacle rings may be reduced.
Russian Journal of Marine Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 3, 2016
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