We performed a pilot surveillance study on transmitted HIV drug resistance (TDR) in Iran, with specimens collected and stored as dried blood spots (DBS). The protease region and relevant positions in the reverse transcriptase region of the pol gene were sequenced to detect mutations known to be associated with resistance to drugs in standard first-line regimens. Seventy-three specimens were collected, with 39 (53%) specimens yielding sequence from both protease and at least part of RT. Specimens were almost exclusively HIV-1 subtype CRF 35_A1D based on pol sequencing. Mutations were restricted to RT, with D67DG and V75AV each seen in a single specimen. An atypical protease inhibitor mutation, I47M, appeared at a resistance-associated position in protease from a single specimen. These preliminary data showed that the rate of transmitted drug resistance in Iran, within the areas sampled, was 5.1% (2/39). However, the small sample size makes this figure only an approximation. Due to the sampling strategy and resulting small sample size, we were unable to accurately calculate TDR rates for individual areas using the WHO HIV drug resistance threshold survey method. Increasing the sample size and improving the yield from DBS would improve the accuracy of drug resistance surveillance and facilitate wider application of this methodology in Iran.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Mar 1, 2010
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera