Purpose Neurogenic bladder due to spinal cord injury has significant consequences for patients’ health and quality of life. Regular surveillance is required to assess the status of the upper and lower urinary lower urinary tracts and prevent their deterioration. In this review, we examine surveillance techniques in neurogenic bladder, describe common complications of this disease, and address strategies for their management. Methods This work represents the efforts of SIU-ICUD joint consultation on Urologic Management of the Spinal Cord injury. For this specific topic, a workgroup was formed and comprehensive literature search of English language manuscripts regarding neurogenic bladder management was performed using key words of neurogenic bladder. Articles were compiled, and recommendations in the chapter are based on group discussion and follow the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medi- cine system for Levels of Evidence (LOEs) and Grades of Recommendation (GORs). Results At a minimum, patients should undergo an annual history and physical examination, renal functional testing (e.g., serum creatinine), and upper tract imaging (e.g., renal ultrasonography). The existing evidence does not support the use of other modalities, such as cystoscopy or urodynamics, for routine surveillance. Urologic complications in neurogenic bladder patients are common and often more complex than in
World Journal of Urology – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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