Surgical and reconstructive management of pressure ulcers

Surgical and reconstructive management of pressure ulcers Despite significant advances in therapeutic options, pressure ulcers continue to pose a challenge to physicians and surgeons and frequently require multidisciplinary input. In addition, they place huge financial burdens on health care providers. Generally classified as grades I to IV depending on the extent and severity of the ulcer, grades I and II are usually amenable to conservative management. Grades III and IV may require surgical intervention, which could either be simple debridement or complex reconstructive microsurgery. Direct closure or skin grafting is useful in only a small number of early pressure ulcers. For non-healing and advanced pressure ulcers, reconstructive surgery is indicated, which consists of soft tissue flap coverage such as fasciocutaneous, musculocutaneous, perforator, or free flaps. The selection of a particular flap depends on a variety of factors, for instance, the location and grade of the ulcer, vascularity of the surrounding tissue, mobility of the patient, and the experience and expertise of the surgeon. There are no clear guidelines at present regarding the suitability of a particular flap in the management of pressure ulcers at different stages. This article aims to provide an overview of the etiology, pathophysiology, and management of pressure ulcers in various anatomical locations, with particular emphasis on current advances in reconstructive surgical procedures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Plastic Surgery Springer Journals

Surgical and reconstructive management of pressure ulcers

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/surgical-and-reconstructive-management-of-pressure-ulcers-3b1K0TYpuw
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2009 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Plastic Surgery
ISSN
0930-343X
eISSN
1435-0130
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00238-008-0318-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Despite significant advances in therapeutic options, pressure ulcers continue to pose a challenge to physicians and surgeons and frequently require multidisciplinary input. In addition, they place huge financial burdens on health care providers. Generally classified as grades I to IV depending on the extent and severity of the ulcer, grades I and II are usually amenable to conservative management. Grades III and IV may require surgical intervention, which could either be simple debridement or complex reconstructive microsurgery. Direct closure or skin grafting is useful in only a small number of early pressure ulcers. For non-healing and advanced pressure ulcers, reconstructive surgery is indicated, which consists of soft tissue flap coverage such as fasciocutaneous, musculocutaneous, perforator, or free flaps. The selection of a particular flap depends on a variety of factors, for instance, the location and grade of the ulcer, vascularity of the surrounding tissue, mobility of the patient, and the experience and expertise of the surgeon. There are no clear guidelines at present regarding the suitability of a particular flap in the management of pressure ulcers at different stages. This article aims to provide an overview of the etiology, pathophysiology, and management of pressure ulcers in various anatomical locations, with particular emphasis on current advances in reconstructive surgical procedures.

Journal

European Journal of Plastic SurgerySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2009

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve Freelancer

DeepDyve Pro

Price
FREE
$49/month

$360/year
Save searches from Google Scholar, PubMed
Create lists to organize your research
Export lists, citations
Access to DeepDyve database
Abstract access only
Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles
Print
20 pages/month
PDF Discount
20% off