Surfactant-assisted production of TbCu2 nanoparticles

Surfactant-assisted production of TbCu2 nanoparticles The production of surfactant-assisted metallic nanoparticles of TbCu2 has been achieved by the combination of high-energy ball milling in tungsten carbide containers and the use of oleic acid (C18H34O2) and heptane (C7H16). The alloys were first produced in bulk pellets by arc melting and subsequently milled for only 2 and 5 h in oleic acid (15 and 30% mass weight). The powders consist of an ensemble of nanoparticles with a TbCu2 lattice cell volume of ≈215 Å3, an average particle diameter between 9 and 12 nm and inhomogeneous lattice strain of 0.2–0.4%, as deduced from X-ray diffraction data. The nanometric sizes of the crystals with defined lattice planes are close to those obtained by transmission electron microscopy. Raman spectroscopy shows the existence of inelastic peaks between 1000 and 1650 cm−1, a characteristic of C18H34O2. The magnetisation shows a peak at the antiferromagnetic-paramagnetic transition with Néel temperatures around 48 K (below that of bulk alloy) and a distinctive metamagnetic transition at 5 K up to 40 K. The Curie-Weiss behaviour above the transition reveals effective Bohr magneton numbers (≈9.1–9.9 μB) which are close to what is expected for the free Tb3+ ion using Hund’s rules. The metamagnetic transition is slightly augmented with respect to the bulk value, reaching H = 24.5 kOe by the combined effect of the size reduction and the lattice strain increase and the increase of magnetic disorder. At low temperatures, there is irreversibility as a result of the existing magnetic disorder. The moment relaxation follows an Arrhenius model with uncompensated Tb moments, with activation energies between 295 and 326 K and pre-exponential factors between 10−11 and 10−13 s. The results are interpreted as a consequence of the existence of a diamagnetic surfactant which drastically decreases the magnetic coupling between interparticle moments. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Nanoparticle Research Springer Journals

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/surfactant-assisted-production-of-tbcu2-nanoparticles-tg7hhHocDq
Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
Subject
Materials Science; Nanotechnology; Inorganic Chemistry; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Physical Chemistry; Optics, Lasers, Photonics, Optical Devices
ISSN
1388-0764
eISSN
1572-896X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11051-017-3931-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches

$49/month

Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.

$588

$360/year

billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial