In this paper, a method combining the use of discrete shearlet transform (DST) and the gray-level co-occurrence matrix (GLCM) is presented to classify surface defects of hot-rolled steel strips into the six classes of rolled-in scale, patches, crazing, pitted surface, inclusion and scratches. Feature extraction involves the extraction of multi-directional shearlet features from each input image followed by GLCM calculations from all extracted sub-bands, from which a set of statistical features is extracted. The resultant high-dimensional feature vectors are then reduced using principal component analysis. A supervised support vector machine classiﬁer is ﬁnally trained to classify the surface defects. The proposed feature set is compared against the Gabor, wavelets and the original GLCM in order to evaluate and validate its robustness. Experiments were conducted on a database of hot-rolled steel strips consisting of 1800 grayscale images whose defects exhibit high inter-class similarity as well as high intra-class appearance variations. Results indicate that the proposed DST–GLCM method is superior to other methods and achieves classiﬁcation rates of 96.00%. Keywords Steel surface classiﬁcation · Manufacturing defects detection · Discrete shearlet transform · Hot-rolled steel strips · Gray-level co-occurrence matrix · Principal component analysis · Support vector machines 1 Introduction operator. Further
Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera